What is stable angina?

Stable angina or angina pectoris results from the gradual buildup of plaque in the coronary arteries. As this build-up rises, angina signs begin to show up in a predictable fashion during or after physical exercise or mental stress. This predictable pattern could linger for weeks months or even years. Activities that result in the condition of stable angina involve consumption of heavy meals, anxiety and emotional stress, climbing stairs or walking up hill, having sex, exposure to extremely cold temperature or doing housework. Although the signs of stable angina are bothersome, they do usually show signs of imminent cardiovascular problems, but not necessarily a heart attack

Symptoms of Stable Angina

The pain caused due to Stable Angina stays for around 2 to 15 minutes. The level of pain connected with this condition can vary from one person to another, and individuals make different comparisons to express the level of discomfort they feel. Many people describe angina pectoris as
Pressure and pain
Crushing feel in shoulders, jaw, chest, arm or neck.
Pain in the lower part of breastbone.
Burning similar to indigestion or heartburn.
Shortness of breath.
Some individuals report that stable angina symptoms are very mild during the beginning and then rise in terms of intensity. Stable angina may occasionally produce other signs such as anxiousness, nausea, lightheadedness, or profuse sweating.
Usually resting for a short time and stopping all forms of physical activity can make the symptoms diminish. The pain from this condition may additionally subside if a person takes nitroglycerin medicine. If the symptoms last for more than 15 minutes and are not relieved with nitroglycerin, then medical attention is required given that the discomfort suggests a cardiovascular disease, rather than angina pectoris.


The signs of stable angina normally show the existence of CAD an acronym for coronary artery disease. These conditions require immediate medical care and assistance. In order to diagnose the presence of CAD and stable angina, a physician will check the complete medical history (featuring full description of a patient’s symptoms), a physical examination like the test of blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and an electrocardiogram are very important. If these examinations do not produce a guaranteed diagnosis of angina pectoris and CAD, the physician may ask for more tests.

Treatment of Stable Angina

Treatment of this condition concentrates on two goals: alleviating signs and treating the underlying CAD that is the reason behind the symptoms.
Treating symptoms.
Both medications and treatments decrease the blockage present in coronary arteries and can ease the symptoms of stable angina. Relying on the situations of the individual symptoms, medicines or procedures are undertaken to control the condition.

Some Lifestyle Modifications for patients with CAD to prevent the condition of stable angina
1. Healthy diet: Patients with CAD who eat diet plans with less saturated fat, cholesterol, and calories can improve their cholesterol. In addition, patients with CAD who consume a diet plan rich in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat milk products can lower their blood pressure.
2. Exercising frequently: Aerobic exercise for short periods every day could minimize blood cholesterol levels and improve blood pressure.
3. Giving up cigarette smoking: Smoking accelerates the development of CAD, decreases the blood’s ability to carry oxygen to body tissues, harms the blood vessel walls, and makes the blood clot, bringing about cardiovascular disease and strokes.
4. Dropping weight: Losing 5 to 10 pounds could help lower hypertension and improve cholesterol.

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