Angina Pectoris Symptoms and Treatment

Angina pectoris is one of the symptoms of heart disorder characterized by pain and some discomfort in the chest. You need to be aware of these symptoms because it is very dangerous. It often occurs during exercise, after heavy meal, during rest, while emotions are high and more. Angina generally is a symptom of coronary artery disease or CAD.

The heart disorder can divide into stable and unstable angina.

Stable angina is usually predictable, so easy to anticipate. While unstable angina, is usually unpredictable. Stable angina may last 1 to 15 minutes. It was very common to tobacco users, obese people, diabetic, hypertension, kidney disease and inactive people.

 

  • Angina pectoris has a number of symptoms that can be seen such as below:

  • The pain and tightness in the chest
    Chest pain may radiate towards the shoulder, arm, jaw, and neck.
  • This occurs because the blood flow to the heart is reduced (myocardial Ischemia). This causes the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the heart are also reduced. Deficiency of oxygen and nutrients will cause the heart to be lack of fuel to carry out its activity.
    Not only that, the low level of oxygen would trigger an increase lactic acid which causes pain in the heart muscles. Reducing air supply to the heart can occur because narrowing of the arteries, clogging and muscle spasms in the blood vessels on the heart.
  • Shortness of breath
    The shortness of breath on angina pectoris associated with decreased lung function. Reducing blood supply to the heart would interfere with blood circulation to the lungs. This can cause interference with the absorption of oxygen by the lungs and make breathing tightness.
  •  Mild headache
    Headache is caused by the air supply to the brain decrease. This happens due to interference with the function of the heart and lungs.
  •  Anxiety
    The reducing supply of oxygen to the brain can also affects the function of nerves. It can lead to anxiety and nervousness.
  •  Nausea
    Nausea symptoms on angina pectoris are due to the increasing in gastric acid. Increasing in gastric acid associated with disorders of brain function in the control of gastric acid formation. Increased gastric acid is also associated with anxiety, nervousness and emotion. These happen because the brain is lacking of oxygen.
  • Pale skin
    Pale skin occurs because the blood circulation to the skin is not smooth. The amount of blood to the skin is reduced, so that it looks pale.

 

  • Treatment of angina pectoris

  • If you experience symptoms such as above, immediately stop activity and lay down in a comfortable position. Calm your mind and call 911 or the nearest people who can help you to get medical treatment. Medical treatment is usually using drugs before surgery treatment. Various medications that are used include nitrates, beta blocking drugs, and calcium channel blocking drugs.
    The types of nitrates is often used is nitroglycerine. This drugs work by reducing the need of heart muscles to the oxygen. Beta blocking drugs is working to slow the heart rate and inhibit the sympathetic nerves of the heart. The blocking calcium channel is working to prevent spasm of the heart arteries. The drugs reduce the intake of calcium in coronary artery walls. It can prevent the contraction of the coronary arteries and angina pectoris.

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